Climatic Change Effects Pollinators and Flower Growth
Plant and flower growth is effected due to various reasons, for more read below
A major disruptor in several ecological processes which includes pollination too, is caused due to the climate change. The team work between the flowering plants and the pollinators performs a major part in pollination. According to a report by Endangered Species Coalition, climate change has adversely impacted the process of pollination.
You must be wondering the connection between the climate change and the pollinators, let’s shed light on the few aspects of this connection.
Prominent factors which are affecting the process of pollination are the loss of natural habitat, nutritional deficiencies and the loss of varied diet of the pollinators. Obviously, the given factors will give a negative impact to the growth of plants and flowers.
Lack of Varied Food
According to the latter report, “Climate change is making flowers bloom half a day earlier each year, which means that plants are now blooming a month earlier than 45 years ago. This means that they do not get pollinated and bees are left without food.”
United States Department of Agriculture has enlightened a new disorder due to the lack of food called Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD). This disorder which existed since 2006 is due to the fact because the adult bees leave the hive leaving the immature ones behind.
University of Florida states that the studies have disclosed poor nutrition as one of the major reasons for the disorder, among other factors including bee pests and diseases, chemical use in bee colonies, chemical toxins in the environment, varroa mites and associated pathogens.
Another big issue is the rise in temperature which is also affecting the pollinators. For example, four species of hummingbirds in North America including Allen’s hummingbird, Black-chinned hummingbird, Calliope hummingbird and Rufous hummingbird are at risk.
Migration From Native Areas
The rise in temperatures is forcing the birds to migrate to leave their native areas and find a cooler place to survive. Intense heat is dangerous for hummingbirds as it forces them to prioritise rest over food, which leads them into starvation.
The only solution to all these problems is to stabilize carbon emissions and hold warming to 1.5 degree Celsius above per-industrial levels.